# Tutorials

Learn to visualize your data like an expert with these practical how-tos for presentation, analysis, and understanding.

#### How to Make Beeswarm Plots in R to Show Distributions

Try the more element-based approach instead of your traditional histogram or boxplot.

#### Make a Moving Bubbles Chart to Show Clustering and Distributions

Use a force-directed graph to form a collection of bubbles and move them around based on data.

#### How to Make Square Pie Charts in R

Instead of traditional pie charts that rely on angles and arc lengths to show parts of a whole, try this easier-to-read version.

#### Annotating Charts in R

Let the data speak for itself they say. That doesn't work a lot of the time, and when that happens, you need to explain.

#### A Course for Visualizing Time Series Data in R

Learn to visualize temporal patterns in a couple of days.

#### Drawing Circles and Ellipses in R

Whether you use circles as visual encodings or as a way to highlight areas of a plot, there are functions at your disposal.

#### Drawing Squares and Rectangles in R

R makes it easy to add squares and rectangles to your plots, but it gets a little tricky when you have a bunch to draw at once. The key is to break it down to the elements.

#### Voronoi Diagram and Delaunay Triangulation in R

The

`deldir`

package by Rolf Turner makes the calculations and plotting straightforward, with a few lines of code. #### How to Make an Interactive Stacked Area Chart

Stacked area charts let you see categorical data over time. Interaction allows you to focus on specific categories without losing sight of the big picture.

#### How to Customize Axes in R

For presentation purposes, it can be useful to adjust the style of your axes and reference lines for readability. It's all about the details.

#### How to Make an Interactive Bar Chart With a Slider

Provide a slider for the standard bar chart so that users can shift focus to a point of interest.

#### How to Make an Animated Pyramid Chart in R

Make a bunch of charts, string them together like a flip book, and there's your animation. Sometimes good for showing changes over time. Always fun to play with.

#### How to Make Bivariate Area Charts in R

Quickly compare two time series variables with this line-area chart hybrid that originated in the 1700s. Also known as: difference chart.

#### How to Make Maps in R That Include Alaska and Hawaii

The conterminous United States always gets the attention, while Alaska and Hawaii are often left out. It is time to bring them back into view.

#### How to Map and Use GeoTIFF Files in R

It's like working with a bunch of tiny dots, and oh look, all of sudden patterns emerge.

#### How to Make Horizon Graphs in R

The relatively new and lesser known time series visualization can be useful if you know what you're looking at, and they take up a lot less space.

#### How to Make Variable Width Bar Charts in R

The code to create these bar chart variations is almost the same as if you were to make a standard bar chart. But make sure you get the math right.

#### A Course for Visualization in R, Taking You From Beginner to Advanced

Where to start? What to learn next? Here's a course to help take you from beginner to advanced.

#### How to Make Dot Plots in R

It's easy to draw dots. The challenge is to make them meaningful and readable.

#### How to Make Line Charts in R

Learn to draw lines wherever and however you want, and you've got yourself some flexibility.

#### R Cheat Sheet and Guide for Graphical Parameters

You can customize graphics in R with

`par()`

, but the docs are mostly text and just organized alphabetically. Here is a more visual reference, categorized by what you can change. Plus, a one-page printout. #### How to Make and Use Bar Charts in R

The chart type seems simple enough, but there sure are a lot of bad ones out there. Get yourself out of default mode.