Interactive: When Do Americans Leave For Work?

We don’t all start our work days at the same time, despite what morning rush hour might have you think. (Hi, Nevada.)

In a continued dig into commute data from the American Community Survey (We already saw mode of transportation.), the map above shows when people leave home for work. The rates are for people who have jobs and are 16 years or older. The data does not include people who work from home.

Do we get anything interesting even though it’s just one facet of the commute to work? Yeah. At the very least, it’s fun to watch the map play out.

As you’d expect, many commuters leave home between 7:00am and 8:00am. However, rates concentrate around this hour much more in some counties than others. This is especially true for counties in the midwest. Around half of commuters in many midwest counties leave during this hour.

This surprised me. Maybe it’s my own misconception, but I always thought of people rising early in the farming areas. Maybe they wake up early to tend to their own land, and then head out at regular times for work? Maybe because there are fewer job types? I’m not sure. Midwesterners, please enlighten me.

In contrast, commuters are more spread out between 7:00am and 8:30am in other areas. Or, if you’re in a heavily populated, long-commute county (like in southern California), start the clock closer to 6:00am.

Still, fairly normal. The outliers are the most interesting bits.

 

Late-night-NevadaLook at commuting rates during the late night and early morning hours. Nevada stands out, especially Humboldt county where more than a quarter leave for work when it’s still dark. Although, again, this confuses me. Why do people go to work at this time? I suspect it has something to do with a long commute time.

LaGrange county in Indiana, known for its large Amish population, also has many leave for work during the midnight to 4:59am time slot.

 

6amThere are early-risers everywhere but only a handful of counties where most leave between 6:00am and 6:29am.

 

Alaska in afternoonFinally, once you get into the late afternoon and evening hours, there’s a low rate of commuters just about everywhere. Except for the Aleutians East Borough in Alaska, that is. With about 2,500 commuters, it’s mostly a commercial fishing area, and the hours are pretty much the opposite of the rest of the United States.

Become a member. Support an independent site. Make great charts.

Join Now

Learn to Visualize Data See All →

Detecting and Plotting Sequence Changes

Change detection for a time series can be tricky, but guess what, there’s an R package for that. Then show the results in a custom plot.

How to Draw Maps with Hatching Lines in R

Fill areas with varying line density to give more or less visual attention. With geographic maps, the technique is especially useful to adjust for population density.

R Cheat Sheet and Guide for Graphical Parameters

You can customize graphics in R with par(), but the docs are mostly text and just organized alphabetically. Here is a more visual reference, categorized by what you can change. Plus, a one-page printout.

How to Make Your Own Twitter Bot – Python Implementation

Following up on my post last week about using Twitter …