Feelings at Work

We spend a lot of time working. It seems worth thinking about how we feel during all those hours.

Work is one part of our lives, but it occupies a big chunk, which warrants thinking about how we feel while we work. If your job makes you sad or stressed all the time, then maybe it’s worth thinking about a move. On the other hand, if your job makes you happy and helps you find meaning in the day-to-day, then you might be on the right track.

Are people happy at work? The American Time Use Survey asks people to score their happiness from 0 to 6, where 0 is not happy at all and 6 is very happy. Here’s how people answered:

Happiness Scores at Work

Out of workers who were asked, most gave happiness at least a score of 3.


Most people gave at least a score of 3 for happiness. Not bad. What about other feelings? ATUS also asks people to score stress, sadness, and meaningfulness. Below shows how people scored these feelings, which seems to swing towards positive.

Feelings at Work

Generally speaking, people tend to give higher scores to the positive feelings.


Most people, over 60%, scored sadness at 0, which is good. Over 30% of respondents gave a score of 6 to meaningfulness, which is also good.

However, not all jobs are created equal.

Some jobs are high stress with low meaning, whereas others are low stress with high meaning. There are jobs in between. Below shows a breakdown by occupation group, sorted by average score. Scroll over to see how each occupation group ranks against the rest.

Feelings by Occupation Group

Scroll over a group to see how it compares.


Legal occupations ranked high for stress and sadness and low for happiness and meaningfulness. That seems rough.

Going the other direction, those with jobs in personal care, such as hairdressers and manicurists, scored stress and sadness relatively low with happiness and meaningfulness relatively high. Similarly, construction scored low in stress and sadness — and high in happiness and meaningfulness. Seems like the way to go.


The data, via IPUMS, comes from the American Time Use Survey well-being module, which ran in 2010, 2012, 2013, and 2021. I analyzed the data in R and made the charts with D3.js.

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My work on FlowingData is supported by paid memberships. Since 2007, I have been analyzing data and making charts to help people understand and appreciate data in their work and everyday lives. I hope to keep it going for many more years.

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